References: Enrichment 4: Teaching Sex Ed

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Slide 6: Shaping sexual scripts

Frith, H., Kitzinger, C. (2001). Reformulating sexual script theory developing a discursive psychology of sexual negotiation. Theory & Psychology, 11, 209–232. DOI:10.1177/0959354301112004

Ezzell, M. B., Johnson, J. A., Bridges, A. J., & Sun, C. F. (2020): I (Dis)Like it Like That: Gender, Pornography, and Liking Sex, Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy. DOI: 10.1080/0092623X.2020.1758860

Slide 7: Bringing parents on board

Jones, M. What Teenagers Are Learning From Online Porn. Online Article, Feb 7, 2018. New York Times. Available from URL:

Singh, N. Talk to Your Kids About Porn. Online Article, August 29, 2018. The Atlantic. Available from URL:

Lim, M., Agius, P. A., Carrotte, E. R., Vella, A. M., & Hellard, M. E. (2017). Young Australians’ use of pornography and associations with sexual risk behaviours. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 41(4), 438–443. DOI: 10.1111/1753-6405.12678

Slide 9: Why we care

Lamb, S., Koven, J., et al. (2019). Report: The Sexualization of Girls: An Update. Prepared for Culture Reframed. Available from URL:

McKenney, S. J., & Bigler, R. S. (2016). High heels, low grades: Internalized sexualization and academic orientation among adolescent girls. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 26(1), 30–36.

Ward, L. M. (2016). Media and sexualization: State of empirical research, 1995–2015. The Journal of Sex Research, 53(4-5), 560-577. DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2016.1142496

Slide 10: Why we care

Doornwaard, S. M., van den Eijnden, R. J., Baams, L., Vanwesenbeeck, I., & ter Bogt, T. F. M. (2016). Lower psychological well-being and excessive sexual interest predict symptoms of compulsive use of sexually explicit internet material among adolescent boys. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(1), 73-84. DOI: 10.1007/s10964-015-0326-9

Efrati, Y., & Gola, M. (2018). Understanding and predicting profiles of compulsive sexual behavior among adolescents. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 7(4), 1004–1014. DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.100 

Martellozzo, E., Monaghan, A., Adler, J. R., Davidson, J., Leyva, R., & Horvath, M. A. H. (2016). “I wasn’t sure it was normal to watch it…”: A quantitative and qualitative examination of the impact of online pornography on the values, attitudes, beliefs and behaviours of children and young people. London, UK: National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Available from URL:

Slide 11: Why we care

Parker, I. (2014). Young people, sex and relationships: The new norms. Institute for Public Policy Research. Available from URL:

Martellozzo, E., Monaghan, A., Davidson, J., & Adler, J. (2020). Researching the Effects That Online Pornography Has on U.K. Adolescents Aged 11 to 16. SAGE Open. DOI: 10.1177/2158244019899462

Pizzol, D., Bertoldo, A., & Foresta, C. (2016). Adolescents and web porn: A new era of sexuality. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 28(2), 169–173. DOI: 10.1515/ijamh-2015-0003

Slide 12: Porn is embedded in cultural understanding

Yousman, B., & Bindig Yousman, L. (2020). Report: Critical Media Literacy and Cultural Autonomy in a Mediated World. Prepared for Culture Reframed. Available from URL:

Slide 21: #1 Contraception

Tydén, T., & Rogala, C. (2004). Sexual behaviour among young men in sweden and the impact of pornography. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 15(9), 590-593. DOI: 10.1258/0956462041724299

Stein, D., Silvera, R., Hagerty, R. & Marmor, M. (2012). Viewing Pornography Depicting Unprotected Anal Intercourse: Are There Implications for HIV Prevention Among Men Who Have Sex with Men?. Arch Sex Behav 41, 411–419. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-011-9789-2

Wright, P. J., Paul, B., & Herbenick, D. (2019). Adolescent condom use, parent-adolescent sexual health communication, and pornography: findings from a U.S. probability sample. Health Communication, (2019). DOI: 10.1080/10410236.2019.1652392

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017). Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Adolescents and Young Adults. Available from URL:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2018). Youth Risk Behavior Summary: Data Summary and Trends Report: 2007-2017. Division of Adolescent and School Health National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. Available from URL:

Akers, W. Why Are So Many Teens Ditching Condoms? Online Article: February 15, 2020. Healthline. Available from URL:

Slide 23: #2 Consent

Owens, E. W., Behun, R. J., Manning, J. C., & Reid, R. C. (2012). The impact of internet pornography on adolescents: A review of the research. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 19(1-2), 99–122. DOI: 10.1080/10720162.2012.660431

Slide 25: #3 Sexting

Madigan, S., Ly, A., Rash, C. L., Van Ouytsel, J., & Temple, J. R. (2018). Prevalence of Multiple Forms of Sexting Behavior Among Youth: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Pediatrics;172(4):327–335. DOI: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.5314

Slide 29: #5 Pleasure

Beasley, C. (2008). The challenge of pleasure: Re-imagining sexuality and sexual health, Health Sociology Review, 17:2, 151-163, DOI: 10.5172/hesr.451.17.2.151

Anderson, R. (2013). Positive sexuality and its impact on overall well-being. Bundesgesundheitsbl. 56, 208–214. DOI: 10.1007/s00103-012-1607-z

Saliares, E. J. Wilkerson, M., Sieving, R. E., & Brady, S. S. (2016): Sexually Experienced Adolescents’ Thoughts About Sexual Pleasure, The Journal of Sex Research, DOI: 10.1080/00224499.2016.1170101

Slide 30: #5 Pleasure

Kontula, O., & Miettinen, A. (2016). Determinants of female sexual orgasms. Socioaffective neuroscience & psychology, 6, 31624. DOI: 10.3402/snp.v6.31624

Johnson, J. A., Ezzell, M. B., Bridges, A. J., & Sun, C. F. (2019). Pornography and heterosexual women’s intimate experiences with a partner. Journal of Women’s Health, 28(9), 1254-1265.

Slide 32: #6 Relationships and communication

Zaragoza, M. S., & Mitchell, K. J. (1996). Repeated Exposure to Suggestion and the Creation of False Memories. Psychological Science, 7(5), 294–300. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.1996.tb00377.x

Eric W. Owens, Richard J. Behun, Jill C. Manning & Rory C. Reid (2012) The Impact of Internet Pornography on Adolescents: A Review of the Research, Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 19:1-2, 99-122, DOI: 10.1080/10720162.2012.660431

Slide 33: #6 Relationships and communication

Love is Respect Org. (n.d.) Dating Abuse Statistics. Available from URL:

Slide 34: #6 Relationships and communication

Love is Respect Org. (n.d.) Educators Toolkits. Available from URL:

Slides 36 & 37: #7 Masturbation and porn addiction

Park, B.Y., Wilson, G., Berger, J., Christman, M., Reina, B., Bishop, F., Klam, W.P., & Doan, A. P. (2016). Is internet pornography causing sexual dysfunctions? A review with clinical reports. Behavioral Sciences, 6(3), 17. DOI: 10.3390/bs6030017